Tiber Island, Rome
Tiberina or Tiber is a small island on the Tiber River, in the heart of Rome, near the Porticus Octaviae and the Theatre of Marcellus. The length of the island is 300 m and the width is 70 m. Quay of the island lies in stone and has the shape of a boat, the river at this place falls a little cascade, creating a picturesque scene.
- The north-eastern part of the island is connected by Fabricius Bridge with the road leading to Campus Martius.
- The southern part of the island is connected with Trastevere by Cestius Bridge.
Stone Fabricius Bridge is the most ancient construction of Rome across the Tiber River. The bridge was built in 61 BC, named after the Roman road builder Lucius Fabricius and has a length of over 60 meters.
Pons Cestius was built in 45 BC and named for the ancient Roman family.
In the III century BC, in the Rome was the plague. From the predictions of the Sibyl Kuma it followed that to stop the disease they had to build a temple in honor of Aesculapius. A snake, as a symbol of healing, had to choose a location for construction , and it should be delivered from the Greek city Evpidar.Equipped Roman Senate ship has brought the snake to port.The sacred symbol of medicine crawled out and went straight to the island of the Tiber, which was seen as an indication of the gods.
Soon, on Tiber Island was built the Temple of Aesculapius, and the plague ceased. Island grateful Romans decide to revet with travertine and give it the shape of a ship floating in Evpidar.
Tiber Island Attractions
On the small island there are several historical and cultural attractions of Rome.The island is associated with the hope of healing for many centuries.Today there is acting Fatebenefratelli Hospital. From the sights of the island you can view:
- Basilica of San Bartolomeo was built on the orders of Otto III in the year 1000 on the site of an ancient temple of Aesculapius. Near the church was created a memorial to Christian martyrs of XX-XXI century with a collection of personal belongings of those killed Christian priests in the last century;
- Church of the XIV century San Giovanni Chalibita is located almost on the Pons Fabricius. Inside one of the chapels is the famous icon of the XIII century – Madonna della lampada;
- Gear Caetani tower built as a defensive structure is not only against external enemies, but also from its nearest neighbors in times of war;
- Ruins of Ponte Rotto bridge, or rather the only remaining arch span. In the XVI century, part of the bridge was blown over in a flood period, today it remains one of the arch;
- On the island are the ruins of the Temple of Aesculapius, the temple of the III century BC.
How to get to the island
On the Tiber Island you can reached on foot through the Pons Fabricius.You need to geton the subway to the station Circo Massimo, walk along the promenade to the bridge and get to the island. On the island across the right bridge, you can reach the Trastevere district, which is famous for its cafes and restaurants where you can have a tasty lunch.